How To Value NFTs, With Ledger

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How To Value NFTs, With Ledger

In 2021, the non-fungible token (NFT) sector raked in $17.6 billion in sales. That means there’s value to be found in the NFT market – you just need to figure out which tokens are valuable. And that’s actually not too complicated to do: there are three key factors that’ll help you separate the best deals from the rest.

What exactly are NFTs?

Let’s look at something that is fungible first: a dollar. See, one dollar is exactly like another – and each has equal value. That makes them “fungible”. It’s the same with bitcoin, ether, and other cryptocurrencies. With NFTs, though, one token is not like another – each has a different value, so they’re said to be “non-fungible.”

As for the unique tokens: they exist on the blockchain. And since the blockchain can’t be changed or deleted, NFTs are a secure way to represent the ownership of a unique asset. You can break them down into two main categories:

Digital items: original jpegs, music files, collectibles, gaming items, or virtual land in the metaverse.

Physical items: paintings, rare bottles of wine, or real land in the real world.

For physical items, an NFT would represent ownership of that item on the blockchain. But since real-world items have their own valuation methods, we’ll focus on digital items. So without further ado, here are the three factors:

1. Scarcity

Rare baseball cards cost more than common ones, and it’s the same with NFTs. While each NFT is unique, some have attributes that are harder to come by than others.

Take CryptoPunks, for example: an NFT collection of 10,000 unique pixelated characters with various attributes. We’re talking beanies, bandanas, top hats, 3D glasses, and so on. Now, some of these attributes are a lot harder to find than others: 2,459 punks wear an earring, while only 44 have beanies. And, on average, punks with beanies cost almost six times more.

Cryptopunk NFT variations.
Cryptopunk NFT variations.

Rare NFTs can be even more valuable when they’re created by someone famous, or when they have historical significance. Jack Dorsey, former CEO of Twitter, sold his first tweet as an NFT for just under $3 million. And while that seems like a lot of dosh to fork out for an original online post, it’s still an extremely rare NFT: there will only ever be one Jack Dorsey, and one first Twitter tweet.

First ever tweet by Jack Dorsey, former Twitter CEO.
First ever tweet by Jack Dorsey, former Twitter CEO.

You’re probably wondering why anybody would pay that much for a rare jpeg. It actually makes sense when you look at it from an economic perspective: wealthy people quite often buy things for status alone. In economics, these are called “Veblen” goods – your luxury cars, designer watches, and diamond-encrusted jewelry – and some NFTs certainly fall into this category.

Unlike regular goods, the demand for Veblen goods actually increases with their price: the more your NFT costs, the richer you appear. And that status factor further drives up the price of NFTs.

That’s also the idea behind rare NFTs within virtual worlds like Decentraland, where you can buy or sell virtual lands in NFT form. Fashion Street Estate, for example, sold there for $2.4 million last year. It’s scarce, sought after, and conveys status in the virtual world.

2. Utility

It’s one thing for an NFT to be scarce. But if it has some form of utility, that can go a long way toward boosting its value. Just look at Bored Apes: they’re the most popular NFT collection on Earth, with over $3 billion worth of sales. Apes are rare, sure – there are only 10,000 in existence – but the real value boost for Ape owners is their exclusive membership to the Bored Ape Yacht Club.

What does that include, exactly? Well, aside from the Twitter following of every other Ape holder and access to exclusive events, it’s a way to generate cash. Last year, all Bored Ape Yacht Club members received two lucrative NFTs for free. First, an NFT dog worth 10.75 ether (around $35,000 at today’s ether price). Then, each member was awarded one of three mutant serums: common, rare, or rarest. Today, these sell for 34, 48, and 1500 ether, respectively.

Bored Apes: NFTs which grant owners access to the Bored Ape Yacht Club.
Bored Apes: NFTs which grant owners access to the Bored Ape Yacht Club.

🤩 Crypto security never look so good

When it comes to your digital investments, safety comes first. Of course, it’s always a bonus when safety comes wrapped in a pretty little package.

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3. NFT floor price

The NFT floor price is the lowest listed selling price for an item within an NFT collection – that is, the cheapest NFT that you can find of that kind. Floor prices are easy to find on NFT marketplaces like Opensea and Rarible. If you go to Opensea and search “Pudgy Penguins,” for example, you can see that the current the floor price for the collection is 2.69 ether.

Pudgy Penguins NFT collection floor price on Opensea.
Pudgy Penguins NFT collection floor price on Opensea.

If you click the floor price button, you’ll see a list of the cheapest Pudgy Penguins.

Lowest priced Pudgy Penguins on Opensea.
Lowest priced Pudgy Penguins on Opensea.

In this particular case, the cheapest few Penguins all cost the same as the floor price. That suggests the market has come to an agreement on the value of lower end Penguins. But in some cases, the floor price is an outlier: it can be much less than the price of the next cheapest item. That’s an opportunity – much like buying the cheapest house on a nice street.

It’s certainly worth investigating floor prices if you’re looking to buy – both to find bargains and to get an idea of the range that the collection you’re interested in sells for.

Final thoughts

NFTs are a brand new asset class. But from a valuation point of view, they share some similarities with real-world items. If something is scarce, useful, or trading at a discount, it’s likely to be more valuable.

This guide was produced by Finimize in partnership with Ledger.

Check out Ledger's mini-website at

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